In Discussion 4, we touched basis on two important topics (1) design and delivery and (2) the role of the instructor. According to assigned readings and outside research I found that there are several similarities and differences between designing and delivering DE and F2F courses. However, both forms of education successful planning of assignments and required readings. Even though, both DE and F2F courses require the teacher to be knowledgeable of the subject, there methods of design and delivery are different. According to Moore and Kearsley (2012) there is a model that represents DE design called instructional systems design process (ISD) it focuses on(analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation) with a great emphasis on planning the course material. The text also states that the design of a distance education course is a team effort. Another important aspect of DE course is that teachers must receive copyright privileges before using someone else work (p.102).
Distance education is delivered through technology. “ Rather than attending a course in person, teachers and students may communicate at times, of their choosing, through the exchange of electronic media, or can communicate in real time, with the proper infrastructure” (Brown, Grice, Turner, & Hankins, 2012, p.94). On the other hand, face-to-face instruction gives both the students and teachers time to communicate and interact in person. In distance education courses all materials are posted in the course classroom and students will post responses to assignments and discussions in a designated area, teachers will then provide feedback and post grades to assignment. In a face-to-face classroom setting teachers are able to teach at pace that works for the student. It’s different in distance education and hard for the teacher to know if the student lacks understanding unless the student contacts the teacher through technology.
There are some differences in the role of the instructor in distance education courses compared to face-to-face classroom. According to Moore & Kearsley (2012) “as an instructor, you will not know how students react to what you have written, unless you ask them to tell you through feedback mechanism” (p.126). Therefore, distance education can be a challenging role for the professor since there is no direct eye contact. There are certain functions of the professor in distance education courses (content management, student progress and learner support). Three types of interaction necessary which includes learner-content interaction, learner-instructor interaction, and learner-learner interaction.Teachers in distance education courses have to spend more time planning the course material and explaining the information in a way that the students will understand. The teachers have to periodically check the classroom area for posting on discussion boards and assignments and communicate frequently with the students.
Suarez-Brown, T.L., Grice, H., Turner,T., Hankins, J. (2012). THE CHALLENGES OF DELIVERING QUALITY ONLINE DISTANCE EDUCATION COURSES. Review of Business Research, 12 (5), 94-104.
Moore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (2012). Distance education: A systems view of online learning. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.